The break-even point (BEP) helps businesses with pricing decisions, sales forecasting, cost management, and growth strategies. A business would not use break-even to measure its repayment of debt or how long that repayment will take to complete. Adam Hayes, Ph.D., CFA, is a financial writer with 15+ years Wall Street experience as a derivatives trader. Besides his extensive derivative trading expertise, Adam is an expert in economics and behavioral finance.

## Understanding Breakeven Points (BEPs)

The break-even point is the volume of activity at which a company’s total revenue equals the sum of all variable and fixed costs. The break-even point is the point at which there is no profit or loss. To find the total units required to break even, divide the total fixed costs by the unit contribution margin. With a contribution margin of $40 above, the break-even point is 500 units ($20,000 divided by $40). Upon selling 500 units, the payment of all fixed costs is complete, and the company will report a net profit or loss of $0. Assume a company has $1 million in fixed costs and a gross margin of 37%.

- Alternatively, you can find the break-even point in sales dollars and then find the number of units by dividing by the selling price per unit.
- To find the total units required to break even, divide the total fixed costs by the unit contribution margin.
- If the stock is trading below this, then the benefit of the option has not exceeded its cost.
- All such information is provided solely for convenience purposes only and all users thereof should be guided accordingly.
- The break-even point can be affected by a number of factors, including changes in fixed and variable costs, price, and sales volume.

## Break-Even Point Calculator (BEP)

Hicks Manufacturing can use the information from these different scenarios to inform many of their decisions about operations, such as sales goals. To illustrate the concept of break-even, we will return to Hicks Manufacturing and look at the Blue Jay birdbath they manufacture and sell. A financial professional will offer guidance based on the information provided and offer a no-obligation call to better understand your situation. At Finance Strategists, we partner with financial experts to ensure the accuracy of our financial content.

## Nase – Break-even Analysis Calculator

In other words, they will not begin to show a profit until they sell the 226th unit. Break-even analysis involves a calculation of the break-even point (BEP). The break-even point formula divides the total fixed production costs by the price per individual https://www.quick-bookkeeping.net/ unit, less the variable cost per unit. What we mean here by BEP is the number of units that must be sold to just cover fixed costs so you would need to specify the revenue and variable costs per unit in order to know the BEP for fixed costs of 8000.

## Sales Where Operating Income Is $0

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The breakeven point (breakeven price) for a trade or investment is determined by comparing the market price of an asset to the original cost; the breakeven point is reached when the two prices are equal. The Break-Even Point (BEP) is the inflection point at which the revenue output of a company is equal to its total costs and starts to generate a profit. It’s also important to keep in mind that all of these models reflect non-cash expense like depreciation. A more advanced break-even analysis calculator would subtract out non-cash expenses from the fixed costs to compute the break-even point cash flow level.

As you can see, when Hicks sells 225 Blue Jay Model birdbaths, they will make no profit, but will not suffer a loss because all of their fixed expenses are covered. An IT service contract is typically employee cost intensive and requires an estimate of at least 120 days of employee costs before a payment will be received for the costs incurred. An IT service contract for $100,000 in monthly services with a 30% profit margin will require 4 months of upfront financing of $280,000 balanced over the four months before a single payment how to choose the best personal finance software and apps is received. This calculation demonstrates that Hicks would need to sell \(725\) units at \(\$100\) a unit to generate \(\$72,500\) in sales to earn \(\$24,000\) in after-tax profits. Since we earlier determined \(\$24,000\) after-tax equals \(\$40,000\) before-tax if the tax rate is \(40\%\), we simply use the break-even at a desired profit formula to determine the target sales. That’s the difference between the number of units required to meet a profit goal and the required units that must be sold to cover the expenses.

Adam received his master’s in economics from The New School for Social Research and his Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in sociology. He is a CFA charterholder as accrual basis accounting vs cash basis accounting well as holding FINRA Series 7, 55 & 63 licenses. He currently researches and teaches economic sociology and the social studies of finance at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem.

In our example, Barbara had to produce and sell 2,500 units to cover the factory expenditures and had to produce 3,500 units in order to meet her profit objectives. It’s the amount of sales the company can afford to lose but still cover its expenditures. Since we earlier determined $24,000 after-tax equals $40,000 before-tax https://www.quick-bookkeeping.net/amortization-business/ if the tax rate is 40%, we simply use the break-even at a desired profit formula to determine the target sales. Although investors are not interested in an individual company’s break-even analysis on their production, they may use the calculation to determine at what price they will break even on a trade or investment.

After almost a decade of experience in public accounting, he created MyAccountingCourse.com to help people learn accounting & finance, pass the CPA exam, and start their career. Textbook content produced by OpenStax is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License . Also, remember that this analysis doesn’t take into consideration the present vs. future value of your funds. See the time value of money calculator for more information about this topic. The break-even point or cost-volume-profit relationship can also be examined using graphs.

Recall that we were able to determine a contribution margin expressed in dollars by finding the contribution margin ratio. We can apply that contribution margin ratio to the break-even analysis to determine the break-even point in dollars. For example, we know that Hicks had $18,000 in fixed costs and a contribution margin ratio of 80% for the Blue Jay model. We will use this ratio (Figure 3.9) to calculate the break-even point in dollars.

Simply enter your fixed and variable costs, the selling price per unit and the number of units expected to be sold. Note that in either scenario, the break-even point is the same in dollars and units, regardless of approach. Thus, you can always find the break-even point (or a desired profit) in units and then convert it to sales by multiplying by the selling price per unit. Alternatively, you can find the break-even point in sales dollars and then find the number of units by dividing by the selling price per unit. However, using the contribution margin per unit is not the only way to determine a break-even point.